Nuggets of Public Finance

The Government Budget is a complex document that represents in a detailed way the financial and economic condition of a country. In addition, through an accurate analysis of the public expenses, it is possible to find out important information about the culture and the social structure of the State.


<<The Government Budget is the mirror of all the political and social problems of a country>>.  

                                                    Joseph Schumpeter


Depending on the information searched and the goals pursued, we can distinguish several types of budget statements.

In this article, I will briefly refer to the final budget and the provisional budget to give an idea about the essential content of a public budget statement and about the role of Gross Domestic Production (GDP) in the evaluation of the total wealth produced, of the national income and of the welfare level inside a society. Continue reading “Nuggets of Public Finance”

Pillole di Finanza Pubblica

Il bilancio dello Stato è un documento complesso, in grado di rappresentare in maniera molto dettagliata la situazione economico-finanziaria di un Paese.
Inoltre, attraverso un’accurata analisi delle varie poste di spesa pubblica, è possibile ricavare anche informazioni culturali e sociali su di esso.

<<Il bilancio dello Stato è lo specchio di tutti i problemi politici e sociali di uno Stato>>.
                                                                                    Joseph Schumpeter


In base alle informazioni ricercate e agli obiettivi che si perseguono si possono distinguere diverse tipologie di bilancio.

In questo articolo farò riferimento, in breve, al bilancio consuntivo e al bilancio previsionale per dare, senza eccessivi tecnicismi, l’idea del contenuto essenziale di un bilancio pubblico e del ruolo del Prodotto Interno Lordo nella valutazione della ricchezza prodotta complessivamente, del reddito e del benessere di una società.
Continue reading “Pillole di Finanza Pubblica”

An interview with Herd♥Habibi

Their motto: “Friends are made at the cooker.”
Since my heart is easy to be won by new friends and good meals, I wanted to know more about the project. Anika told me in this little interview about who and what hides behind Herd♥Habibi [1].

„Well Anika, my first question: What is Herd♥Habibi?“
“We are a relatively new cooking-blog in German and Arabic. I work on it together with my friends Majd and Katja. Cooking has always been connecting us and we decided to share our recipes. You get to know each other quite easily in the kitchen. Herd Habibi is like a language bridge between Germans and Arabs. Both sides can read the recipes and cook the meals equally, without any translation app. Our recipes are uncomplicated and a cross-section of what Germans eat here and the ingredients aren’t that difficult to find.”

“Would you like to present me your team?”
“Katja is our expert concerning social media, she loves to buy new cookbooks and to try out new recipes. Majd is responsible for the Arabic translations. After two years in Germany, his German has improved so much, he finds our typing mistakes. He is from Syria – and he ate his first “Spätzle” [2] with us and he really liked it. And I still study literature, art and media and I wanted to realize an idea from the beginning to the
end. As we all were in the mood for this project, we made a reservation for the domain – although we are all busy enough with our jobs and studies. Therefore, we meet regularly with a delicious occasion.” Continue reading “An interview with Herd♥Habibi”

Im Interview mit Herd♥Habibi

Ihr Motto: „Freunde werden am Herd gemacht.“
Da mein Herz leicht mit lieben, neuen Freunden und gutem Essen gewonnen werden kann, wollte ich mehr über das Projekt erfahren. Wer und was hinter Herd♥Habibi steckt, hat mir Anika neulich in einem kleinen Interview verraten.

„So liebe Anika, meine erste Frage: Was ist Herd Habibi?“
„Wir sind ein relativ neuer Kochblog auf Deutsch und Arabisch. Ich mache das zusammen mit meinen Freunden Majd und Katja. Uns hat Kochen schon immer verbunden und wir haben gesagt, wir wollen
unsere Rezepte teilen. Man lernt sich gut kennen in der Küche. Und Herd Habibi ist wie eine Sprachbrücke zwischen Deutschen und
Arabern. Beide können die Rezepte gleichberechtigt lesen und nachkochen. Ganz ohne Übersetzungsapp. Unsere Rezepte sind
unkompliziert und ein Querschnitt von dem, was wir hier in Deutschland so essen und die Zutaten sind nicht besonders schwer zu

„Magst du mir das Team einmal kurz vorstellen?“
„Katja ist unsere Social Media-Spezialistin, sie kauft super gerne Kochbücher und probiert gerne neue Rezepte aus. Majd ist fürs Arabische zuständig, er spricht aber nach zwei Jahren in Deutschland schon so gut Deutsch, dass er unsere Tippfehler findet. Er kommt ursprünglich aus Syrien – mit uns hat er zum ersten Mal Spätzle gegessen und fand es geil. Ich selbst studiere Literatur-Kunst-Medien und hatte voll Lust, mal eine Idee bis zum Ende umzusetzen. Weil wir alle Lust darauf hatten, haben wir die Domain reserviert – obwohl wir mit Jobs und Studium eh schon jede Menge zu tun haben. So treffen wir uns regelmäßig und haben einen leckeren Anlass dazu.“ Continue reading “Im Interview mit Herd♥Habibi”

A dead-end road for Catalonia

Since 2012 every 11th September mass protests in favour of the independence take place in Barcelona coinciding with the celebration of the national day of Catalonia, in which the defeat of Barcelona by the Bourbon troops during the Succession war that signified the elimination of the autonomy of Catalonia is commemorated.

That day, the 11th September 2012, became an inflection point for the sovereignty movement in Catalonia. After that moment the current Catalan government understood that a great part of its electorate was supporting the independence, so the main catalanist political parties (the ones that are focused on the regional and local politics and do not run for national elections) began to opt fort the objective of turning Catalonia into the next European nation. The obtaining of an absolute majority in the autonomic elections in October of 2015 became the starting point of what is called as the sovereignty process, which will end the next 1st October with the celebration of an independence referendum.

Picture 1: The last 11th September around a million of pro-independence protesters crowded the streets of Barcelona.

Continue reading “A dead-end road for Catalonia”